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Today we think of beer naturally being put up in bottles, but that was not always the case in this country. Prior to , laws dictated that bottle could not be bottled at the brewery. It was kegged and transported to a bottling house. Until the mid s, beer bottles were rare. Beer, because of the nature of its ingredients was prone to spoil if not probably bottled and or sealed carefully and under controlled conditions.

By the s, bottle-makers were using a lipping tool to smooth out the blob and make the openings more uniform. The lipping tool erased the mold seam on the upper part of the neck somewhat below the blob itself. The tool left marks, concentric rings, which while faint, can be easily seen on both the blob itself and on the upper part of the neck just below the blob.

In the s, two things happened that impacted the industry.

How to Date Antique Glass Bottles

First, the law requiring beer to be bottled at some site other than the brewery was changed. Slowly, brewers began to modify their methods and install equipment for bottling beer on the premises. Bottling beer had its problems, cloudy sediment and acidity and excess gas were three.

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Consumers were often afflicted with biliousness gas and were wary. The public needed assurance that the bottled product was equal to the one from the keg. Brewers began to advertise the lengths they went to ensure purity. Second, all of this increased demand put pressure on the bottle makers to improve their efficiency. Bottles became more standardized with the introduction of automated equipment like the use of compressed air, but closures were still a problem.

Various types of wire bales were used. Dozens of stoppers were patented and tried but until the invention of the crown cap in Leakage was a problem. The domination of the crown cap took a while to take hold and from until their was a mix of competing styles.

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It was during this same time period that important progress was made in the full automation of the bottle blowing process with the introduction of the Owen's Automatic Bottle Machine.

Small brewers probably stuck with the tried and true hand-finished corked bottle.

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The largest brewers such as Anheiser and Schlitz advertised their beer as available in either cork or crown tops in Anheiser continued the practice through Around the turn of the century, one can find blob beers with wire balesand tooled top crowns. Embossing was common up through regardless of the type of finish. Beer Timeline. Prohibition which lasted from untilinterrupted the evolution of the beer bottle and when production began again, the technology for making bottles had drastically changed.

Basically there were no beer bottles made from untilso the reemergence of the beer bottle was marked by radical change both in the way bottles were made and the way beer was bottled.

Date Your Pottery Soft Drink & Beer Bottles. This dating engine will estimate the age of your pottery bottle based on its various attributes. Enter each of the following attributes of your bottle. If the specific attribute is no known, you can enter "unknown," where allowed. Dating antique bottles requires knowledge of the evolution of bottle technology and the ability to research manufacturers and bottling companies. Although glass bottles have been made for a few thousand years, it was not until the 19th century that bottle use became common, coinciding with the industrial revolution. First this cautionary note: Bottle dating is not a precise science! Using just physical, manufacturing related diagnostic features, most utilitarian bottles can usually only be accurately placed within a date range of years (i.e., to or ).

Still one finds vestiges of the old styles with wire bales on crown top bottles. But gone was the blob beer. In fact, gone was the beer bottle in some breweries.

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The beer can made its appearance shortly after the end of Prohibition. Cone top beer cans began in the early s leading the way to increased pressure on the bottle manufacturers who had all converted to automatic bottle making equipment and were almost all using crown cap technology. The early automatic bottle machines did not produce embossed bottles. Embossing slowly lost its place and label only bottles increased in popularity until they were the majority by the late s.

Now every beer bottle made looked exactly like every other. Aqua glass became less common, amber and clear were more popular. Unless they are unusually colored, beer bottles can be difficult to sell. Features which might add value to any given bottle include: applied lips, crudeness of lettering or glass, whittle marks, a mug base paneled base unusual shape, embossed pictures, a large amount of embossing or unusual coloring, a famous name, the presence of an original label and age.

Items which detract from beer bottle values, no embossing, no city or location embossed, damage of any sort, stain or scratches.

Bottles 101: Bottles We Dont Want

Raised embossing and when present, paper labeling on a bottle can frequently provide important details to refine the probable manufacturing date range if information exists for the company that either manufactured the bottle i.

For example, the early San Francisco mineral water bottle pictured here is known to date between based on the information provided by the embossing company name embossed on the pictured side and the glass maker - Union Glass Works - embossed on the reverse and research done by collectors Markota Researched historical information of variable depth and quality exists for thousands of different - typically embossed - bottles.

Published works generally cover either a particular city, region, or category of bottles. See the References page for more information. For a large majority of embossed and unembossed bottles, however, there is little or nothing formally published on the details of their origins.

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Only a relative few geographic areas or areas of collecting interest have received more than cursory historical treatment and the majority of this is due to the efforts of collectors. Time has taken its toll on records, of course, but much of what happened in the past was simply not documented well or at all as with most endeavors of common people in the past.

For some reason West Virginia housewives continued to preserve food in grooved top, wax sealed stoneware jars long after glass Mason fruit jar use became widespread. Consequently there are lots of pieces of stoneware around the state. It is often hard to date these objects, so I am going to give you a few tips in dating pots. $ shipping. Ending Feb 16 at PM PST. Antique Ingalls Bros. Brown Stoneware Beer, Soda, Ale Bottle Portland Maine. $ shipping. Stoneware The - Moerlein Gerst - Brewing Co Old Jug NASHVILLE Bier Bottle BEER B. $ shipping. Very Rare Blue Top Fall River Mass Kay And Francis Stoneware Beer Bottle. $ shipping. Simple, antique utilitarian stoneware like jugs, crocks, churns, bowls, and pitchers are valued now due to how they were uniquely manufactured. Potters used a salt-glazing process to create a glass-like finish on the crocks when they were fired. Prior to firing, the artisans would decorate the vessel with blue, painted cbeebies-games.com: Pamela Wiggins.

As noted in Munsey's book, " When it comes to methods of dating bottles As Munsey also notes - " Most of what is used today to date bottles Still all true today. This body of information will be utilized and extrapolated to make dating and typing estimates for the majority of bottles for which there is either no specific company or glass maker information available or such is not possible to determine because the bottles are unmarked i.

Stell Newman Newman Newman's key made a noble attempt at simplifying bottle dating, but is weakened by the fact that the subject is much too complex to be conducive to such a simple approach by itself. Also, the format and space constraints of a journal article do not allow for the elaboration and illustrations necessary to make a key function fully Jones b.

Newman wryly recognized all this with his reworking of an old saying: "This bottle dating key is for the guidance of the wise and the obedience of fools.

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This website is designed to have the informational depth, pictures, and illustrations necessary to solve the problems of the Newman key though his warning still holds, although hopefully less so. This entire website is essentially a key to the dating and typing of bottles.

However, the author of this site still recommends Dr. Before jumping into the key, it must again be emphasized that no single key can get a user to an absolutely precise date for any bottle.

The best the following key can do is get a user to a reliably close dating range estimate. Other information on this website usually must be reviewed to fine tune the information about a specific bottle.

In addition, other references beyond the scope of this website usually must be consulted to get as complete of a dating and typing story as is possible for any given bottle. This include period newspapers, business directories, glass makers catalogs, trade journals and related publications, and other sources too numerous to detail.

NOTE: Attached to the "Bottle Types/Diagnostic Shapes" grouping of pages is a complete copy of a never re-printed, page, Illinois Glass Company bottle catalog scanned at two pages per JPEG file. Click IGCo. Catalog to access the page that links to all the scans of this very useful catalog. Beer bottles are listed primarily on pages American manufactured stoneware beer bottles are commonly found in the Eastern States. These bottles which also contained various soft drinks, were heavy pottery bottles with a characteristic stocky shape unlike any of the foreign import pottery bottles. Many are stamped with a name some have cobalt blue decoration, others have various glazes. Original, quality two tone glazed stoneware flagon with the original screw in stopper and strap loop handle to the rear. The front is transfer printed "All bottles to be returned empty to Fitton & Broadbent Botanical Brewers, New Pellon Halifax" and "To Buy to sell or make use of this bottle is illegal" and the date

Keep this all in mind as you progress through the key which follows and on into the other website pages Starting with Question 1follow through the questions as suggested.

There is frequent hyper-linking between the diagnostic characteristics and terminology listed on this page and other website pages. This is done to allow the user to get more information or clarification as they proceed through the key. Pursue these links freely since they will take a user to more details on bottle dating and identification and hopefully add to the users knowledge and understanding about the bottle being "keying out.

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The three questions found on this page below answer several basic questions about a given bottle. Answers to these questions will then direct a user to one of the two additional dating pages which are extensions of this key for the two major classes of bottles: mouth-blown bottles and machine-made bottles. Read the questions - and accompanying explanations and exceptions - very carefully as the correct answer is critical to moving properly through the "key.

DATING YOUR OLD BOTTLES. One of the most frequently asked questions about old bottles is, 'How old is this bottle?' Often beginners have a difficult time distinguishing between old and new bottles especially when is comes to modern reproductions. One can find quite a bit of information on my web site and across the Internet about dating bottles.

For examples of how to use this dating key see the Examples of Dating Historic Bottles page. This page guides a user through the key for seven different type and age bottles with several being side-by-side comparisons of very similar bottles of different eras.

This page also shows how other portions of this website can provide information pertinent to the bottle in question. See the About This Site page for more information about the author and contributors. For brevity, most of the specific references are not noted in the key's narratives.

They are noted on the other website pages which expand on the information summarized in the key. If you know your bottle is machine-made click Machine-Made Bottles to move directly to that page.

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If you know your bottle is mouth-blown aka hand-made click Mouth-blown Bottles to move directly to that page. If unsure about what embossing or vertical side mold seams picture below are, click on Bottle Morphology to see this sub-page for a illustration and explanation of these and many other key bottle related physical features. Return back to this page by closing the Bottle Morphology page. Vertical side mold seam on the neck of a beer bottle ending well below the finish, indicating that it was at least partially handmade - ca.

YES - The bottle has embossing or visible vertical side mold seams somewhere on the body between the heel and the base of the finish or lip. A bottle may have mold seams but no embossing, but all embossed bottles were molded and have mold seams even if they are not readily apparent.

See note 2 below if there is embossing but it is only within a disk of glass which appears applied to the neck, shoulder or body of the bottle. This bottle is either free-blown"dip" molde or was produced in a "turn-mold" aka "paste-mold" where the side mold seam is erased during manufacturing.

Dating stoneware bottles

A "NO" answer is much less likely than "YES" for this question as a very large majority of bottles made during the 19th century and virtually all made during the 20th century were mold blown resulting in mold seams; see the note below.

Notes : 1. A low probability though possible "NO" alternative is that the user has an unembossed, molded bottle with no visible vertical side mold seams. This can be due to one or a combination of factors including post-molding hot glass "flow" masking the mold seams, fire polishing of the bottle body, or atypically good mold part s fitting precision. If necessary, look very closely at the bottle shoulder - the best location to see vertical side seams on mouth-blown and most machine-made bottles - in good light with a hand lens to see if there is at least some faint evidence of where the mold part edges came together.

Often the vertical side mold seams are evidenced by very faint changes in glass density in lines where one would expect mold seams to be. If the embossing on a bottle is only within a separately applied blob seal similar to that shown to the right click to enlargeand found nowhere else on the bottle, the bottle is almost certainly mouth-blown.

This is another low probability choice but certainly possible. One of the longest running "myths" in the world of bottle dating is that the side mold seam can be read like a thermometer to determine the age of a bottle.

The concept is that the higher the side mold seam on the bottle the later it was made - at least in the era from the early to mid 19th century until the first few decades of the 20th century. Kendrick's explains in the text pages that It is true that the mold seams can be used like a thermometer to determine the approximate age of a bottle. The closer to the top of the bottle the seams extend, the more recent was the production of the bottle.

The chart accompanying this statement notes that bottles made before have a side mold seam ending on the shoulder or low on the neck, between and the seam ends just below the finish, between and the seam ends within the finish just below the finish rim top lip surfaceand those made after have mold seams ending right at the top surface of the finish, i. Although there are examples of bottles having mold seams that fit these date ranges properly, the issue of dating bottles is much more complicated than the simple reading of side mold seams.

Albany slip was impervious to many liquids except powerful acids such as aqua regia or nitric acid. Some pots are covered with Albany slip. They were certainly made during the 19th century.

Near the end of the century two toned jugs and crocks were made with brown glaze on the top formed by Albany slip and the other glaze materials, while the lower part was milky white.

The white was made by using Bristol glaze.

This type of stoneware is still being made but was not made prior to Second, the meaning of the shape. The shape of the object also helps to determine the date in a general way. If the object has a smaller diameter base than its waist, it was made before If the base and the waist are the same diameter, forming a cylinder, the pot was made after

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